What Is Adenomyosis?

April 5, 2018

 

Are you suffering from extremely heavy menstrual bleeding? While you have your period, do you experience painful cramping? Is it even painful for you during sexual intercourse? If you answered yes to these questions, there’s a chance you might have adenomyosis.

 

There are over 200,000 cases of adenomyosis that are diagnosed every year, but many women just believe they are dealing with a difficult period. Rather than sitting around to suffer from adenomyosis unknowingly, let’s talk about it!

 

What Is Adenomyosis?

 

When a woman gets her period, it is because her body has not fertilized the egg that was released by her ovaries. What occurs is the lining of the uterus, or the endometrium thickens before shedding. It is then expelled out of the body as blood.

 

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Adenomyosis is when the endometrium begins to grow into the muscular wall of the uterus. The endometrium acts as it normally does in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It thickens before it breaks down and is expelled from the body as blood. Not only can this damage the uterus, but it also causes pain and discomfort to the woman dealing with it.

 

What Causes Adenomyosis?

 

Unfortunately, the exact cause of adenomyosis is not yet known. There are a few risk factors that you’ll find under “who gets it” which sheds light on who adenomyosis can affect.

 

Who Gets It?

 

Since adenomyosis is based around the menstrual cycle, any girl or woman with her period could develop it. While the chances are low for girls and young women, it is more common in women who have given birth. There is also a trend that shows adenomyosis commonly affecting women in their 40s and 50s, but the chance of getting it during or after menopause is rare.

 

What Are the Symptoms?

 

There are quite a few symptoms that are associated with adenomyosis. Since the condition causes the endometrium to grow into the muscular wall, this affects the period.

 

Not only can this lead to a heavier period, but it can also lead to a more painful one. Cramps and abdominal pressure are also symptoms while women with adenomyosis might also experience uncomfortable or painful intercourse.

 

How Do You Manage It?

 

Adenomyosis isn’t a condition that you can diagnose yourself with. You’d definitely have to schedule an appointment with your gynecologist to be sure. While there might not be very many options with how to manage adenomyosis, its solutions vary on the spectrum of living with it to living without it.

 

Gynecologists often prescribe medication that will either help manage the pain associated with the condition or help lessen the heavy menstrual bleeding. Adenomyosis is also something that usually disappears after menopause. Although you could manage it with medication, there is only one way to get rid of adenomyosis, and that would be with a hysterectomy or the surgical removal of the uterus.

 

 

There are thousands of women dealing with the negative symptoms of adenomyosis, and they simply think that they just have an unfortunate period. Don’t let that be you! If you have any combination of these symptoms, don’t hesitate to reach out to your gynecologist! Your body and your uterus will thank you!

 

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