As if being a woman wasn’t hard work already, there’s a long list of medical concerns that we have to think of. While some of them are more common than others, there’s also a few that you might not even know to be aware of. On the list, you’d find endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and interstitial cystitis. Not so commonly spoken about, this list also includes PCOS which brings us to the reason you’re reading this article! Here are the 4 things to know about PCOS.
What does PCOS stand for and what is it?
Often referred to as PCOS, this acronym stands for polycystic ovary syndrome. This condition is characterized by enlarged ovaries that have small cysts on them. This is often caused by hormonal changes.
What symptoms to look for?
Since polycystic ovary syndrome is caused by hormonal changes, you can expect to see symptoms that follow in the same manner. The symptoms of PCOS fall in a few different categories, ranging from changes in weight to your skin.
When it comes to issues with the skin, you might experience oily and acne-prone skin. This could also be joined by facial hair. Those with PCOS might notice weight gain to the point where they become overweight. As women, we could also expect that the symptoms would play a role in our menstrual cycle. Menstrual irregularities could range from short, light periods to abnormally heavy ones. Some other common symptoms are depression and infertility.
Who is affected by PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that can affect women of all ages. It is more common in women ages 14 to 60, it is possible for girls ages 6 to 13 and women over 60 to develop PCOS. While race plays no role in whether you develop PCOS, factors such as weight and genetics can affect whether you will develop PCOS and your lifetime. Polycystic ovary syndrome is more likely to occur in women who are overweight and women who have had a female relative with this syndrome.
How do you treat PCOS?
Since PCOS can cause infertility in women, many women are anxious to know ways in which you can be treated. Because the condition is largely hormonal, it is treated with hormones. Birth control pills might be given to women whose PCOS causes irregular periods.
The condition can also lead to diabetes in women so some women might be given the diabetes medication, metformin, to help prevent it. In addition to these common treatments, women might be given medications to lower their cholesterol due to the weight gain or hormones to help with infertility. Often times, women will undergo hair removal procedures for any unwanted hair, specifically facial hair.
While these are all things you need to know about PCOS, it is also necessary for you to know that the condition cannot be cured. Although there are many treatment options to help manage it, you’d simply be managing it. If you develop PCOS, the best rule of thumb is to talk to your doctor about the easiest ways in which you can manage it.