What Is Abnormal Uterine Bleeding?
You’ve got your period, again? That doesn’t seem right. You check your period tracker and find out that you’re not due to get your period for at least another week.
Your heartbeat begins to pick up and sweat starts forming on your forehead as your mind travels to the worst. Why do you have your period? What does it mean? How do you stop it and what should you do? All these thoughts are probably racing through your head, so we’re here to help you calm down!
If you’re experiencing bleeding outside of your normal period, this is what you’d refer to as abnormal uterine bleeding. Even if you’re on your period, there are signs that can show you’re still experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding. While this can sometimes be harmless, there are some serious reasons behind what causes this. Let’s explore why and how some women experience abnormal uterine bleeding.
There are tons of different reasons why women might experience abnormal uterine bleeding. This may stem from hormone imbalances. When a woman’s levels of estrogen and progesterone fluctuate, this can often cause your period to arrive before it’s due.
Another cause of abnormal bleeding could be polyps. A polyp usually appears on the uterus or cervix and when it ruptures, it appears in the form of spotting. Other reasons that you might experience bleeding outside your period could be from ovulation or pregnancy.
Some women see a light period one to two days after ovulation. You might also experience spotting during the first trimester of pregnancy. This is due to your fluctuating hormones. They are constantly trying to balance, but the addition of the pregnancy might cause them to induce spotting.
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While these are some of the reasons why a woman would experience abnormal bleeding, it can also appear in different forms. Rather than experiencing bleeding outside of your period, you might notice that your scheduled menstrual cycle is different. Some women experience extremely heavy bleeding.
One of the reasons for this could be adenomyosis. This is a condition where the lining of the uterus, also called the endometrium, grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. It then thickens and sheds as it would during the normal cycle. Since it has grown into the muscular wall, this leads to painful and heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle.
Heavy bleeding and irregular periods are two big signs of abnormal uterine bleeding, but you need to look at the color of your blood as well! If you’re experiencing bright red blood, this is the sign of a healthy flow. If it appears brown or dark red, this usually signifies old blood that is slow to leave the body.
For those you have a pink flow, this is often associated with a hormone imbalance. While these all seem harmless, if you’re seeing bits of grey during your period, this is definitely abnormal! This could be the sign of either an infection or miscarriage.
When it comes to our bodies, abnormal uterine bleeding can definitely come as a shock! Make sure you understand the reasons why it might be happening. While it’s good to know the potential reasons, this is not something you can self-diagnose yourself with! For those who experience any bleeding outside of what is deemed “normal,” schedule an appointment with your gynecologist!
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